Blaming Al- Qadar

Those who blame everything on Al-Qadar try to justify their position by referring to an authentic Hadeeth in which the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wa salalam) described an argument between Adam and Moses, peace be upon both of them, that took place in front of Allah, and in which the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wa salalam) said:

Adam and Musa argued with each other. Musa said to Adam: “You are our father, you disappointed us and caused us to get out of Paradise.

Adam said to him: O Musa! Allah has chosen you (for direct talk with you) and wrote (the Torah) with His own Hand. Do you blame me for action which Allah had ordained for me forty years before He created me.

- Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud etc.

So Adam confuted Musa, Adam confuted Musa, the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wa salalam) added, repeating the statement three times.

 In the above Hadeeth, there is no real evidence for those who blame Al-Qadar for their sins. In fact, Adam did not take the Al-Qadar as an excuse for the sin he committed when he disobeyed Allah by eating from the forbidden tree in Paradise. Allah punished Adam by sending him and his wife down to the earth. Adam repented for his sin and asked Allah to forgive Him. Allah, the Oft-Forgiving, forgave Adam. In no way did Musa blame his father for the sin for which he, Adam, already repented and his repentance was accepted by Allah. Musa knew well that Adam repented. The blame Musa referred to was about the calamity which led Adam and his offspring out of Paradise. Adam was referring to the calamity, after it touched him, as something preordained. So, whatever calamities had been ordained, the slave’s position must be that of submission and endurance. However, it is not permitted to commit sins, and if they are committed, the slave must repent and seek Allah’s forgiveness and not take Al-Qadar as an excuse for committing sinful deeds

Ibn Qayyim said: “It is justified to refer matters to Al-Qadar after a sin had been committed and the person repents from it, and does not intend to repeat it (i.e. in this case the person may say: Allah had ordained it), just as Adam had done. In fact there is a benefit for the person who utters such a response as well as for the person who hears it, because the response is a recognition of the Tawheed of Allah and of His Names and Attributes…Such recognition is clear in Adam’s response: “….you blame me for doing something preordained upon me before I was created”. Adam did not dispel any truth in his response nor did he make of it an evidence to justify any falsehood
{ Remember that he confessed for his wrongdoing was punished for it, repented and he was forgiven}.
So, if a person commits a sin, and repents and clears himself from it, and if someone later blames him, it is quite good if he makes a reference to Al-Qadar saying: ‘this is a matter which Allah had preordained upon me before I was born’ ...But when he commits something unlawful or abandons an obligatory act (of Islam), and although he is reminded about it, he insists on doing it blaming it on the Al- Qadar, then, in this case, he dispelled the truth and adopted falsehood. In the same way, the Mushrik’s (disbelievers) insisted on their Shirk (disbelief) and worship of other than Allah, blaming Al-Qadar for that. They did not regret their worship of other than Allah, and did not intend to abandon Shirk.”

The satan, Iblees, uttered a similar excuse before the Mushrikeen  were created. No wonder he is considered as the leader of all rebellion. He said: “(Iblees) said,

‘O my Rabb, Because You misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all.” 

- 15:39

 Man does not know in advance what Allah had ordained for him. So when he is about to commit sin, he has no knowledge of Al-Qadar, and thus he cannot be excused from his responsibility.  If one accepts the concept of blaming Al-Qadar for our mistakes and sins, then there is no need for seeking forgiveness, repentance, Dua’a, striving and fighting for the cause of Allah, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is evil etc. thus proving the falsehood of this concept.  lf it is the right thing to blame, Al-Qadar would have been the escape route for the people of Hell! However, when they begin to see Hell and its magnitude, they do not resort to Al-Qadar as an excuse to free themselves from their responsibilities, but rather they call upon Allah.

So, if the concept of taking Al-Qadar as a pretext for committing Shirk or sins is right, there would have been no purpose in sending the Messengers and the Books. This is accusing Allah of doing aimless actions! And Allah is High above what they attribute to Him.

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